Urge for Green Hydrogen facilities in India

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One of the goals that countries in the world have set for 2050 is to decarbonize the planet.

Decarbonizing the production of an element like hydrogen, resulting in green hydrogen, is one of the keys to achieving this.

State-owned energy corporations are looking for partners to team up with and build green-hydrogen facilities. It aims to power its refineries and sell the fuel commercially.

Over the next three years, Indian Oil Corp. Ltd (IOCL), Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd, Hindustan Petroleum Corp. Ltd, NTPC Ltd, and Gail (India) Ltd, intend to establish green hydrogen facilities.

The purest source of energy, hydrogen, is the next priority area around the world to meet rising energy demands. When hydrogen is produced entirely from renewable energy, referred to as green hydrogen.

This method uses an electrical current to separate hydrogen and oxygen from water.  If the electricity required for electrolysis is obtained from renewable sources such as solar or wind, no greenhouse gas emissions.

Green hydrogen is renewable and easily storable. Green hydrogen can also be converted into energy or synthetic gas. This can be used in the home, business, industry, or transportation.

Green Hydrogen is easily portable. It can be mixed with natural gas at up to 20% ratios and flow through the same gas pipes and infrastructure like natural gas; however, raising this percentage would necessitate altering several parts in current gas networks to make them compatible.

At its Jorhat oilfield in Assam, Oil India Ltd, the country’s second-largest state-owned oil explorer, is planning to construct a plant to produce green hydrogen. The company has started the process of constructing a 100 kW green hydrogen plant at its Jorhat Pump Station-3.

California-headquartered Bloom Energy has announced that NTPC Limited, has chosen its electrolyzer and hydrogen-powered fuel cell technologies for the country’s first green hydrogen-based energy storage project.

Bloom Energy’s solid-oxide, high-temperature electrolyzer will be used to make green hydrogen from sustainable electricity generated by a nearby floating solar farm. It will be the source of energy for NTPC’s Guest House.  In 2022, the project is expected to start in Simhadri, Visakhapatnam, India.

Green hydrogen, on the other hand, has drawbacks, such as its high cost. Green hydrogen is more expensive to produce through electrolysis. It also demands a higher amount of energy than other fuels. Because hydrogen is a very volatile and combustible element, it needs stringent safety precautions to prevent leaks and explosions.

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