Challenges for cloud security in 2021


The cloud migration services market is expected to reach $9.5 billion by 2022, according to industry estimates. More businesses are increasingly transitioning to cloud services or considering it, citing benefits such as scalability, improved performance, and faster deployment.

According to a new survey, 86 percent of IT decision-makers believe that a lack of skilled workers is to blame for the sluggish pace of cloud ventures. Candidates must be proficient in DevOps, as well as security and enforcement, to work on a cloud project. Does it seem to be a minor issue? That’s just the tip of the iceberg.

With tech behemoths like Google, Facebook, and Amazon luring professional IT workers, the non-tech sector and SMEs must make do with a minimum of talent. It means that even though SMEs have sufficient resources to invest in the cloud, they would lack the necessary talent to maintain the cutting-edge technology. Another issue that arises is the steep learning curve that cloud stakeholders face. The employee is supposed to remain current with cloud architecture, security and enforcement, and business intelligence even after filling the positions.

In the current scenario, with sophisticated threats and diverse needs of organizations, several traditional security solutions fall short of offering full protection to the cloud setting. Legacy Cloud Protection Posture Management systems, for example, depending on historical data to receive security alerts. These strategies also fail to recognize emerging threats and the context in which they occur. As a result, this year presents a significant challenge for businesses in terms of identifying solutions that take a comprehensive approach to cloud security, emphasizing the reduction of false positives while still bolstering defenses against unknown threats.

According to an Imperva survey, more than 66 percent of companies make APIs available to the public so that stakeholders such as business partners and developers can access software platforms. APIs will become the number one attack vector by 2022, according to Gartner. Companies had a small number of APIs for internal or partner systems in the past.

They’re also widely used in smartphone apps, cloud-based apps, IoT cameras, communications, and analytics, among other things. Protecting against malicious attacks through API manipulation remains a challenge even today, given the growing reliance on APIs in the cloud world. APIs built without adequate authentication control and authorization in the cloud environment increase the risk surface.

It’s only reasonable to expect the cloud service providers to have full protection. The configuration in the cloud protection model, on the other hand, is an exception. It is reasonable to expect that organizations and security providers share liability. A cloud misconfiguration does not require much technical knowledge to compromise an organization’s security. It may be as simple as inadvertently misconfiguring privacy settings, exposing the company’s confidential data. In 2018, Google groups settings that were misconfigured leaked data from over 9600 organizations, making details including addresses, user names, passwords, and financial data publicly searchable.

Organizations face difficulties in ensuring cybersecurity resilience while moving to the cloud. It’s worth noting that not all security measures can be enforced equally in a multi-cloud setting. Many current vendor solutions do not support common cloud frameworks or native cloud integrations, resulting in security framework inconsistency.

The public cloud user is expected to handle data and traffic flows safely under the shared responsibility cloud model. It is difficult for a company to determine which cloud access is safe. Furthermore, the employees’ lack of experience with proper access exposes confidential data. In dynamic multi-cloud environments, the lack of visibility of cloud assets makes it difficult for organizations to efficiently track users who access cloud services/applications, traffic sources, and misconfigured controls.

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