5G Auctions: Harmonization process over, allocation by 12th August


The spectrum harmonization process, brings together a bunch of radio wave holdings within a band into one contiguous block with the consensus of all telecom service providers, it’s a critical process for 5G services After successfully conducting 5G auctions, the government has completed the ‘harmonization’ process of the spectrum. It will pave the way for telecom operators to streamline within a particular band for better efficiency, Telecom Minister Ashwini Vaishnav said. The harmonization process brings together a bunch of radio wave holdings within a band into one contiguous block. It requires the consensus of all telecom operators and is critical for 5G services.

The government is on course for the timely allocation of radio waves to telecom operators by August 12. The process of approvals from the Committee of Secretaries has also been completed, the minister told news agency PTI.

“In one single day, we have completed the spectrum harmonization process, which happens after every auction,” the minister told PTI.

As chunks of radio-wave holdings in one band are brought together or consolidated with the consensus of all players, the harmonization of the spectrum enhances the efficiency for telecom operators.

“The promise we made that we will allocate spectrum by August 12…we are on time,” the minister told PTI.

A telecom department official, explained the concept of spectrum harmonization by drawing a parallel with distributed land holdings with gaps being brought together into contiguous holding.

India successfully concluded the 5G auction on 1 August with bids worth around 1,50,173 crores. The auction saw India’s major telecom operators participating- Reliance Industries Jio, Bharti Airtel, and Vodafone Idea. 

The world’s fourth richest man Gautam Adani also made his surprise entry into the 5G auctions. He acquired 400 MHz of spectrum in 5G airwaves worth 212 crores in millimetre wave (26 GHz) band.

The Adani Group plans to digitally integrate its business and build the largest industrial cloud operations. They also plan to develop a super app to offer multiple services across its 400 million customer bases.

Reliance Jio Info COMM came as the highest bidder with cornering almost half of the airwaves bids totalling 88,075 crore. They obtained 24,740 MHz spectrum in 700, 800, 1800, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz

Sunil Bharti Mittal’s Bharti Airtel made a successful bid of ₹43,084 crore and obtained 19,867.8 MHz in 900, 1800, 2100, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz bands, while Vodafone Idea Ltd bought spectrum for ₹18,799 crore and obtained 6,228 MHz spectrum in 1800, 2100, 2500, 3300 MHz and 26 GHz.

Of the 72,098 MHz of spectrum offered across 10 bands, 51,236 MHz, or 71 per cent, was sold.

It is a difficult process but we have completed the harmonization process in one single day. The team has worked very meticulously,” the minister told news agency PTI.

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