How does big data impact genetic research?

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big data in genetic research
big data in genetic research

Big data and its applications are transforming the way we do business all around the globe, from start-ups to Fortune 500 companies. No matter what industry you work in or your firm’s size, data collection, data analytics, and data interpretation are becoming more accessible, and that has far-reaching implications. Big data’s impact extends beyond the business world; it’s also assisting in the advancement of genetic research.

Genetic Research and Big Data

Due to technological advancements, scientists can now quickly collect, store, and analyze data that previously would have taken years to gather. New biomedical treatments, such as next-generation genome sequencing, generate vast amounts of data and lead to scientific discoveries.

In today’s fast-changing, big-data-fueled environment, becoming a genetic scientist entail dealing with large-data algorithms as well as data processing tools.

Machine learning (ML) is used in data-analytical techniques to multi-dimensional datasets to construct prediction models and gain insights.

What is CRISPR?

Genome editing or gene editing is a combination of technologies that allow researchers to add, remove, or change genetic material within a genome is called CRISPR. In addition to numerous gene-editing methods, CRISPR-Cas9 is one of the most commonly used. CRISPR-Cas9 stands for clumped regular interspaced small palindromic repetitive elements and CRISPR-associated protein 9.

Impact of big data in genetic research

CRISPR is becoming increasingly popular among scientists across the world. 

Associate Professor Richard Kandasamy of the Norwegian University of Science and Technology’s Centre of Molecular Inflammation Research (CEMIR) has researched inflammatory reactions that result in a wide range of illnesses

Using big data, massive computer systems, and CRISPR, Kandasamy has integrated current technology with more traditional genetic mapping to uncover a minute-by-minute script of what happens when the immune system responds to the presence of a virus within a cell.

CropsOS, located in the United States, has combined CRISPR genome editing transposable elements with big data and machine learning to help plant scientists make better decisions. 

Using CRISPR technology and machine learning-based predictive modelling, they created a genome editing system that allows for change of plant properties like flavours, nutritional density, and durability. It cuts down on the high costs of research and development that have hitherto confined advanced genetic innovation to a few researchers.

Conclusion

From social and political science to genetics and individualized therapy, big data impacts every field of research. For genetic research and related disciplines, big data continues to hold promise. Genetics researchers should take a flexible approach to big data and stay up-to-date on new data analysis techniques and accessible resources. Thus, they would be able to capitalize on the value of big data for proactive genetic research decision-making.

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