Decarbonisation – Its relevance and implication in modern era


Decarbonization refers to the process of reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from human activity into the atmosphere. The current (and optimistic) goal of decarbonisation is to eventually eliminate carbon emissions.

To achieve deep decarbonisation, we need to rethink the way we produce and consume energy and make a radical switch to renewable and low-carbon energy sources. According to the World Economic Forum, the complete decarbonisation of our energy systems is the only solution to stabilise the climate.

In India, many government organisations and private companies have moved from data centres to cloud infrastructure. According to a report by Amazon Web Services (AWS), this is expected to reduce energy consumption and carbon emissions by around 80 percent.

According to a report by 451 Research, Indian cloud service providers that tap into the local renewable energy market for their business can help save carbon emissions.

Ken Haig, director of energy policy at AWS, confirmed that customers in the APAC region who switch their computing to AWS cloud computing can significantly reduce their carbon emissions.

In 2019, Amazon co-founded The Climate Pledge, an initiative in which Amazon commits to avoiding carbon footprints from across the company by 2040. AWS says it is making steady progress towards its broad goal of using 100% renewable energy by 2025.

According to Puneet Chandok, head of AWS’ commercial business in India and South Asia, Indian companies can easily reduce the country’s carbon footprint by switching to cloud technology. Many Indian start-ups are already developing low-carbon solutions. Now, all businesses, the public sector and corporates need to consider the sustainability of the country and make a critical decision to move to the cloud.

AWS is trying to achieve net carbon neutrality goals in India. This includes initiatives on infrastructure regulation, renewable energy, sustainable water management, e-mobility, sustainable packaging, and raising awareness through community engagement.

Cloud data centres use the latest and most energy-efficient servers, operating at higher utilization rates than traditional data centres. As a result, cloud data centres use 67.4% less energy.

Amazon India has taken the initiative to include 10 000 electric vehicles in its fast delivery service by 2025. This is Amazon India’s commitment to reduce the country’s carbon emissions. Amazon India is working with several Indian partners to develop fast vehicles that can ensure the sustainable and safe delivery of customer orders.

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